Four years ago, one of Britain's most notorious pollution disasters happened.
In a water treatment project on the edge of the bodeming Moor, 20 tons of aluminum sulfate leaked into a water supply system serving the nearby town of cammerford.
Followed by years of heated debate, people who drank water complained about health problems.
There's a government investigation, a cover charge.
Carol Cross died in 2004. This 58-year-
Residents of old camerford died of a rare, aggressive Alzheimer's disease, and her brain was found to contain unusually high levels of aluminum.
The investigation into the cause of Mrs. Cross's death has been delayed twice in the past few years and is scheduled to be reported this week.
Among those who will watch the results with interest, there is Professor Chris Eckersley, who was invited nearly eight years ago to check Mrs. Cross's brain (
Compared to the normal level of 0-2 MCG, it contains 23 micrograms of aluminum per gram of Brain).
But Professor Eckersley, one
The famous aluminum expert, hoping that the investigation will not only finalize the truth of Mrs. Cross's death (
He believes that aluminum in drinking water plays a role in her mental deterioration).
He also hopes that this will highlight how little we know about the impact of the most productive metals on our health on Earth.
He believes that aluminum is now added to almost everything we eat, drink, inject or absorb, or used.
At a high level, this is an established neurotoxin-however, no one knows if the level of our intake is safe.
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He said important rivers in China poisoned by CD floods: 200,000 houses are at risk of not being insured, "hundreds of publications indicate that aluminum is unsafe . ".
"But the accumulation of aluminum in the body has not yet become the subject of serious medical research and consideration.
Exley, a professor of inorganic chemistry at the University of Kiel, has been studying aluminum for 25 years.
His office is full of books on the subject and he has contributed to many of his peers
Review papers and publications.
Metals are the richest in the Earth's crust, and plants and food are naturally absorbed from the soil.
But 50 years ago, we probably had a small intake of vegetables (
Probably cooked from some pots)
Almost everything today has aluminum.
In the form of salt, it has the properties that make it a versatile and useful additive.
"In order to improve the clarification, aluminum sulfate was added to our water," Professor Exley said . ".
"All foods that require additives or additives, such as cakes and biscuits, contain aluminum.
Strengthen food coloring.
In tea, cocoa and malt drinks, in some wines and carbonated drinks, in most processed foods.
"It is used as a buffer in cosmetics, sunscreen and antisweat, as well as in drugs such as aspirin and antacids.
Even used in vaccines.
We know that aluminum can be toxic, but there is no legislation to manage the content of aluminum in anything but drinking water.
"When the amount of aluminum consumed exceeds the body's ability to discharge aluminum, excess aluminum deposits in a variety of tissues, including nerves, brains, bones, liver, heart, he explained: "spleen and muscles.
"We call it 'Silent tourist' because it goes into our bodies and sleeps in our bones and in our brains.
Professor Exley's research covers the potential danger of Chinalco from antisweat and sunscreen to a high level of metal in vaccines and infant formula.
In a study, his team tested 16 of the UK's leading formula milk brands for children under the age.
The results released on 2010 showed that the trace of this metal exceeded the level legally permitted in the water, and in some cases the metal content in breast milk exceeded 40 times.
"Everyone has some aluminum in their bodies, but babies under six months are particularly easy to absorb aluminum and are not very good at removing it," he said . ".
His research led him to believe that the accumulation of aluminum in the body is not only a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, but may also be related to other neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease and multiple hardening-he believes, cross-examination will re-trigger debate on the potential risk of Alzheimer's disease.
"Carole Cross died from Alzheimer's disease, known as congestion starch-like vascular disease (CAA)
"The disease is very rare and almost unheard of for people of her age," he said . ".
"Her case suggests that aluminum is likely to intensify and possibly accelerate the ongoing disease.
It seems to me that there is no doubt that the large amount of aluminum in her brain contributes a lot to the early onset of the disease.
"Aluminum is also used as 80% of the vaccine (
Improve the effectiveness of the vaccine)
This is related to Professor Axley.
"Our study is looking at whether aluminum will have an adverse reaction to the vaccine," he said . ".
"Most children have been vaccinated about 14 times before the age of 13, so in susceptible individuals this may constitute an unacceptable high aluminum load.
Not everyone agrees with Professor Exley.
The theory of the link between aluminum in the pot and Alzheimer's has fallen out of favor in some respects, as evidence of other triggers for the disease has increased.
The Alzheimer's Association says no cause-and-effect relationship has yet been found.
"This is more likely to be a harmless secondary association," said Lynsey Roberts of the association . ".
Diane Benford, head of the Food Standards Bureau's chemical risk assessment unit, believes that babies will not be at risk for formula milk.
But she admits, "some small groups of the British population may now consume more aluminum than the number of safety guides.
This may particularly affect children who eat foods with higher aluminum content, such as bread and baked goods, cocoa and cocoa products, and some leafy vegetables.
She added that the EU is implementing measures to reduce Chinalco in food.
The World Health Organization has recently set recommended acceptable intake (WHO)
Weight 2 mg per kilogram per week.
But Professor Eckersley said: "If my colleagues around the world can't come up with a safe and acceptable level of aluminum, how can who do it?
"Don't get me wrong.
Aluminum has changed the way we live.
I'm just worried that it's everywhere-in water, food packaging, vaccines, drugs we take, and even food and drinks.
We live in the aluminum age and we need to realize how much we consume.
"What happened at Camelford?
On July 1988, a relief truck driver mistakenly added 20 tons of aluminum sulfate to the drinking water at the Lowermoor treatment plant near cammerford, Cornwall.
Hundreds of complaints about fouls
Tasting water the night of the incident, the Southwest water authority was criticized for not issuing a warning to the public for three weeks.
The authorities were eventually fined £ 10,000 and paid damages in excess of £ 500,000. Short-
Health problems reported by residents included discomfort with urination, skin problems, stomach cramps, joint pain and diarrhea.
Other complaints include fatigue, memory loss, and premature aging.
The government's various investigations into the health impact of the incident were inconclusive, and a 2005 survey reported that for a long time
The term effect is unknown.
A 1999 report from the British Journal of Medicine concluded that some people's brain function was "considerably impaired ".
The investigation of Mrs. Cross's death has been postponed twice, pending further study of the significance of high levels of aluminum in her brain.
On 2008, coroner Michael Ross said the government refused to assist in studying the link between aluminum in her brain and her illness and asked the police to investigate "allegations of covering up the facts"up”.
There is naturally a ubiquitous metal aluminum in the form of salt in food, because plants absorb aluminum from soil and water.
Unprocessed food can contain between 0.
1 mg and 20 mg per kilogram of aluminum.
Tea, some herbs and leafy vegetables, in particular, are naturally high in content.
It can be migrated from cookware and packaging materials such as foil and cartons to food.
According to a study by the Food Standards Bureau, about aluminum in the diet comes from the use of aluminum cookers and aluminum foil.
It says tomatoes, rhubarb, cabbage and many soft fruits should not be cooked in an aluminum pan.
The aluminum content of bread and baked goods is relatively high.
Other products added to aluminum include carbonated drinks, candy for children, antisweat (
Where they suppress sweat glands)
Some processed cheese, toothpaste, sunscreen, talcs and cosmetics
Drugs and vaccines.
It was also found to be a pollutant in infant formula.
It was found that the content of aluminum in soybean formula was 10 times that of milk. based formulas.
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